Generated with Avocode.

Ankle sprain

women hiking with dogs

An ankle sprain happens when the ligaments that support the ankle are forced to stretch beyond their limit. This is a fairly common injury that occurs among people of all ages. They range from mild to severe, depending upon how much damage occurs.

Causes and risk factors

  • Running, walking, or cross training on an uneven surface
  • Falling and twisting the ankle
  • Sports that require cutting actions, creating the ability to roll the foot


  • Swelling in the ankle and foot area
  • Bruising in the area surrounding affected ankle
  • Tenderness to the touch
  • Weakness and instability of the ankle joint

Diagnosis and treatment

The majority of all ankle sprains will heal without the need for surgery. Even a complete ligament tear will heal naturally if given the appropriate rest. Rest and protection of the ankle are the initial recommendations for a sprained ankle. Once swelling is reduced, range of motion, strength, and flexibility will be reintroduced through various exercises dictated by your orthopedic specialist.