An ankle sprain happens when the ligaments that support the ankle are forced to stretch beyond their limit. This is a fairly common injury that occurs among people of all ages. They range from mild to severe, depending upon how much damage occurs.
Causes and risk factors
- Running, walking, or cross training on an uneven surface
- Falling and twisting the ankle
- Sports that require cutting actions, creating the ability to roll the foot
- Swelling in the ankle and foot area
- Bruising in the area surrounding affected ankle
- Tenderness to the touch
- Weakness and instability of the ankle joint
Diagnosis and treatment
The majority of all ankle sprains will heal without the need for surgery. Even a complete ligament tear will heal naturally if given the appropriate rest. Rest and protection of the ankle are the initial recommendations for a sprained ankle. Once swelling is reduced, range of motion, strength, and flexibility will be reintroduced through various exercises dictated by your orthopedic specialist.